AskDefine | Define perilymph

Dictionary Definition

perilymph n : the bodily fluid that fills the space between the bony labyrinth and the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear

Extensive Definition

Perilymph is an extracellular fluid located within the cochlea (part of the ear) in 2 of its 3 compartments; the scala tympani and scala vestibuli. The ionic composition of perilymph is comparable to that of plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. The major cation of perilymph is sodium.

Perilymph vs. endolymph

The third compartment of the ear, the cochlear duct (or scala media) contains endolymph. Perilymph and endolymph have unique ionic compositions suited to their functions in regulating electrochemical impulses of hair cells. The electric potential of endolymph is ~80-90 mV more positive than perilymph.

Clinical significance

It has also been suggested that perilymph and endolymph participate in a unidirectional flow that is interrupted in Meniere's disease.

References

perilymph in German: Perilymphe
perilymph in Indonesian: Perilimfe
perilymph in Polish: Przychłonka
perilymph in Portuguese: Perilinfa
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